13 projects


Logo of the project 2Bparks

Creative Sustainable Management, Territorially Compatible Marketing, and Environmental Education

Issue (project information, topic):

2Bparks seeks to integrate environmental issues into core institutional thinking and private investment choices by developing innovative governance patterns for Protected Areas.

The project focus on the following topics: i) Participatory planning for the management of Protected Areas; ii) Territorial marketing of Protected Areas  to promote sustainable tourism; iii) Education and awareness raising towards Protected Areas, to increase environmental sustainability and social cohesion.

  • Veneto Region – Spatial Planning and Parks Department (Italy) - Lead Partner
  • Natural Regional Park of Serre (Italy)
  • General Council of Hérault (France)
  • Province of Vercelli (Italy)
  • Regional Authority of Thessaly (Greece)
  • Municipality of Andújar (Spain)
  • Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Anton Melik Geographical Institute (Slovenia)
  • University of Athens (Greece)
  • The Troodos Regional Tourism Board (Cyprus)
  • RCDI - Development and Innovation Network (Portugal)

Main project objectives: 

  • Assist Protected Areas managers with effective decision-making tools, where economic issues and social situations are reconciled with the environmental concerns of the Protected Areas policies and plans;
  • Involve businesses and the public in general as effective drivers of Protected Areas enhancement;
  • Improve skills and capacities for the management of Protected Areas;
  • ncrease collective awareness towards protected Areas values and opportunities, while disseminating the culture of sustainable development;
  • Strengthen sustainable tourism in Protected Areas.
Results and outputs:

Main results and outputs of 2BPARKS can be summarised as follows:

  • Planning and management of Protected Areas: Roadmap, a user-friendly tool designed to support managers of Protected Areas to get familiarised with the existing state of the art guidelines and helping them to select the most appropriate for their specific situations.
  • Promotion of sustainable tourism: Notebook, a tool for public and private operators to support sustainable tourism in Mediterranean Protected Areas. The Notebook includes a Joint Marketing Strategy outlined for the Protected Areas participating in the project.
  • Education and research for skills and environmental awareness: Sourcebook and Education Platform. The Sourcebook provides on line up-to-date spatial data (descriptive data, links, images) for any type of sources (books, papers, journals, etc.) related to the management, the research and the tourism sustainability of Protected Areas. The Edu-platform is a training tool to increase knowledge and enhance capacities in the field of Protected Areas. The platform hosts distant learning material for two different target groups: school– age children and grown up people (either students, researchers, managers). 


Logo of the project Cypfire

Cypress windbreaks against fire: a feasible, economic and ecological solution for the safeguard and protection of the Mediterranean forests

Issue (project information, topic):

As individual and as a society, we must take responsibility for our forests to ensure that the most feasible, economic and ecological measures are taken to protect them. First, we should seriously ask what is going wrong after decades of investigations in fire causes, in fire impact on the environment, on the properties and the health of the population, and after put so many efforts in fire prevention. Until now the control of forest fires has been based on theoretical and/or traditional models, but the negative data (number of fires/year and surface burned in ha) reported by the “Forest Fires in Europe” are asking for an innovative approach by using new techniques to prevent the start and the spreading of surface fires and to sensitize the population to the “risks of forest fires”. During the last years the European Commission put forest fires higher on the political agenda focusing more on the prevention and adapting our forests to challenges resulting from climatic changes. But the results obtained by this effort were very poor for the Southern Mediterranean countries. In fact, the number of fires and the surface of the burnt area increased in the last years (source Effis) in spite of the very big efforts (people and money) spent in the prevision and control of fires.


The questions of the P.O.Med CypFire were:

1. How we can overlap this stalemate?

It is necessary to change or better to improve the existent fire control approaches based on the coordination of alerting processes, the adaptation or creation of joint protocols, the development of platforms at a transnational level.


2. How it is possible to change the actual approach of defence against the start and the spreading of a forest fire?

The project CypFire  is suggesting a new control way based on the use of a multi rowed barrier of cypress (Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis), which can reduce the impact of the surface fires on the rural economy, on the soil protection, on the health of the communities and on the beauty of the Mediterranean landscape.

  • Department of agriculture and forests, Region of Sicily (Italy) - Lead Partner
  • Institute of Plant Protection of CNR (Italy)
  • Province of Siena (Italy)
  • National Forest Service - ONF (France)
  • Deputation of Valence, IMELSA (Spain)
  • Institute for the conservation of nature and forests (Portugal)
  • Technological Educational Institute (Greece)
  • Local Council of L-Imgarr (Malta)

The two main objectives of the projects were:

  • demonstrate that the cypress barriers are a “ green” way to solve many forest problems connected with forest fires in the Mediterranean countries
  • make aware the population of the risks of forest fires.


Why the choice of the cypress?

  • cypress (C.sempervirens) is an autochthonous tree species of the SE Mediterranean countries and now naturalised in Southern Europe, presents considerable tolerance against aridity and fires and vegetates well in deteriorated and rocky soils;
  • its exposure time at the triggering source for the appearance of the flame (ignition) and its mineral content of ashes are very high;
  • its morphological,  physiological and reproductive traits are favourable to reduce the combustion and spread of a fire;
  • the compact litter of cypress influences the circulation of the air inside, the capacity to adsorb and retain water and its mulching is able to avoid the seed germination of the under story plants;
  • the use of canker resistant clones selected by IPP guarantees a very long integrity and survival of the barriers;
  • a multi rowed barrier reduces the wind speed, which is one of the most important forces of the fire progression;
  • CypFire is utilising the 15 experimental fields established by the previous projects Interreg (CypMed and MedCypre) in several countries (I,F,E,P,Mt,Gr,Tr). Each experimental field is constituted by 50 cypress clones (36 grafted plants for each clone, total 1800 plants per area) planted in 17 narrow rows, 3X3 m apart.
Results and outputs:

1. Pilot activities of the partners


Data collected in the 23 experimental areas established by CypFire in 6 EU Mediterranean countries with cypress barriers provided a series of results and good practices related to:

• development of methods of preventive silviculture to produce wood of high quality and to eliminate the very expensive fire breaks
• ecological and economical model to control wild forest fires
• a protocol to integrate the suggested cypress barriers against fires and desertification with the existing measure of fire prevention.


2. Deliverables


• Cypress project published several scientific papers
• Two Training School  ( Florence, 2011 and  Faro 2012) were organised with the participation of only 10 experts selected by an European call
• Five books were published
• Inflammability studies on the Mediterranean tree species were done in collaboration with the INIA, Spain
• Exchange of researchers and technicians among the partners
• CypFire provided technical recommendations to the nursery managers


3. Capitalisation elements


CypFire produced several documents and reports for managers and technicians as products of the Seminars and Meetings done.

• the motto of Cypfire  is “ see to believe” and for that each 6 months a visit of experimental areas was organised with the participation of the partners, the local authorities and the end-users
• as said, 5 books were published and distributed. They are available on the website www.cupressus.ipp.cnr.it
• two Training Schools were organised with a severe selection of the candidates. Only 10 experts were admitted for each Training School


Cypress barrier against fireCypress barrier against fireCypress barrier against fireCypress barrier against fire in JericaCypress barrier against fire in SienaCypress an essential tree of landscapeCypress and forest fires a practical manualCypress mainspring of economicEl Sistema Ciprès de barreras cortafuegosMonumental Trees and mature forests


Logo of the project Forclimadapt

Adaptation of Mediterranean forests to climate change

Issue (project information, topic):

FOR CLIMADAPT "Adaptation of the Mediterranean forests to climate change" is a European project of cooperation co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) extending over the period 2010-2013. It aims to encourage initiatives and innovative experiments for an adapted management of the Mediterranean wooded ecosystems to the current and upcoming impacts of climate evolutions.

The Mediterranean region is considered as one of the most affected by climate change, particularly by temperature increases, frequency and intensity of extreme weather phenomena and reduction of rainfall (see 4th GIEC report, 2007). However, consequences on ecosystems are already evident, such as displacement northwards and in altitude, species extinction, decline of forest stands, increased risk of forest fires, torrential erosion, damages caused by pest infestations, desertification... Despite their exceptionally high adaptation capacity, forests are seriously threatened, leading to perturbations on associated economy and biodiversity.

Action is undoubtedly and urgently required to adapt to these inevitable changes. Indeed, the Mediterranean forest manager is somehow helpless and its attitude reveals nothing but a lack of tools to tackle the impacts of these changes. Three types of efforts should be made to meet this challenge:

  • The transfer of new scientific knowledge to professionals in the field.
  • Improving the system of observation and monitoring.
  • Cooperation between stakeholders and between countries.
  • Biosphere Reserve Vesuvius National Park (Italy)
  • Umbria Region – mountain community "Valnerina" (Italy)
  • Forest Science Centre of Catalonia - CTFC - Catalan Pyrenees (Spain)
  • Mediterranean Directorate of the French National Forestry Office - ONF - Departments of Aude and Alpes-Maritimes (France)
  • North-Aegean Region - Island of Lesbos (Greece)
  • ADPM, Alentejo Region – Natural Park Vale do Guadiana and Educational Center of Monte do Vento (Portugal)
  • International Association for Mediterranean Forests - AIFM – Mediterranean Basin (International)
  • Forêt Méditerranéenne – French Mediterranean regions (France)

The overall objective is to improve the adaptive capacity of natural Mediterranean sites to the risks associated with climate change, particularly the risk of erosion, fire and decay, around four complementary approaches:

  • The development of observation systems and monitoring changes in ecosystems.
  • Developing an "adaptive forestry" to protect biodiversity while maintaining the economic value of populations (e.g. by promoting on mixed and irregular stands, local origin adapted species, etc.).
  • Development of methods for ecological restoration and reforestation of degraded land by erosion, fire or dieback.
  • Information, awareness of society and improving governance.
Results and outputs:

1. Pilot activities of the partners

The pilot experiments have allowed to identify the "good practices" related to:

  • Observation and follow-up of changes in ecosystems.
  • Development of an "adaptative silviculture".
  • Development of methods of ecological restoration of degraded lands.
  • Information, awareness raising and governance in terms of climate change adaptation.

2. Deliverables

The partners have published, in a cooperative way when possible, some guides and reports such as:

  • Bibliographic research.
  • Diagnosis and studies about processes of adaptation of the ecosystems to climate evolutions.
  • Operational guidelines and technical recommendations.
  • Local action plans.
  • Modelling (for example, fire behaviour model).
  • Information and communication products.
  • Training sessions and workshops.
  • Platform of exchanges and networking data base.
  • Written balances of pilot projects.

3. Capitalisation elements

FOR CLIMADAPT produced several documents and reports for managers of protected areas, people needing reference works and decision-makers who seek an integrated overview of their territories, additionally to the global communication tools that are mentioned below:

  • Every exchange meeting and event related to the project is written up in detailed reports available on the website.
  • 3 Progress books were compiled after each two seminars in order to present the visited pilot territories and scheduled activities and, above all, to summarize the main elements of discussion during the seminars.
  • A Final capitalization report has been rounded out the project. It synthesises the results and achievements accruing from the project and its pilot activities, and indicates how transferring good practices of forest management and governance of local and regional entities to other regions in the Mediterranean. This report will be largely based on the work carried out by the peer group.
  • At the project’s mid-term, the project leader commissioned a quality assessment report to be made by an independent auditor. The goal was to estimate the quality and relevance of the undertaken activities in the light of project initial objectives and, as a consequence, to suggest certain adaptation measures in order to improve the project implementation for the remaining period.


Logo of the project MEDISS

Mediterranea Innovation Flavours Fragrances

Issue (project information, topic):

The MEDISS project aims to build a transnational network to promote the development of a Mediterranean flavors and fragrances industry, innovative and built on the principles of sustainable development.

The aim of the project is to capitalise on the strong values ​​of the sector in the Mediterranean area (naturalness, authenticity, identity) to foster a dynamic development over the entire productive chain.


The Flavors and Fragrances sector (herbs and perfume, cosmetics, flavorings and food) is present throughout the Mediterranean basin. This sector is strongly anchored to regional specificities, image carrier and generating a major induced economy (including tourism).


In order to build a sustainable network of cooperation, the project is structured around events promoting the sharing of knowledge, partnerships, emergence and support of innovative projects and identification of technical and scientific tools to enhance business and actors innovation capabilities.

It will ultimately be used to better promote local production in the sector with high added value of fragrances and flavours, build bridges between the two industries through the implementation of innovative projects.

  • European university of flavours and fragrances (France) - Lead Partner
  • National institution of agriculture and sea products - FranceAgriMer (France)
  • Association for the development of Moura municipality - ADC Moura (Portugal)
  • Provincial agency for energy, environment and sustainable development, Province of Siena - APEA (Italy)
  • Agency of the training services of the Province of Cuneo - AgenForm (Italy)
  • University of Catania (Italy).

MEDISS project objectives are:


  • Pooling and development of the knowledge of processes and policies based on fragrances and flavors industry (strategy, organisation),
  • Improvement of technical and scientific knowledge through the sharing of skills and expertise, able to promote the sustainable development of the sector and its companies,
  • Support for research efforts and development of enterprises, in particular SMEs, to enable them to adapt to regulatory requirements, to identify new quality products, that are reliable in terms of security for the consumer and respectful of the environment,
  • Strengthening the technical and economic capacity of companies in the sector. Ultimately, the goal is to make the sector and its companies more competitive and successful on international markets.
Results and outputs:

The Mediss project has structured and supported innovation in three production sectors:


  • The production of goat meat,
  • The production of saffron,
  • The production of perfume, aromatic and medicinal herbs.

Regarding the meat goat industry, the project has actually resulted from its completion to a triple achievement:

  • The feasibility of a goat meat industry in Drôme,
  • The signing of a development program with the Rhône-Alpes Region (1,5 million euros),
  • Application for portability in the PACA area (Regional house of breeding, Banon promotion syndicate).

Regarding the saffron industry, the “Safran Provence” association formally approved the strategic plan for the sector set up under Mediss and will continue its implementation. At the local level, the association could move towards funding under the Leader program. At the national level, a project "CASDAR" is being considered. Various producer associations mobilized in France must now adopt a position on the proposition. Finally, at the Mediterranean level, the cooperation will continue within the CEDDEM association.

Regarding the sector of aromatic and medicinal herbs, all tools have been developed to enhance the performance and further the cooperation:

  • Creation of a Euro-Mediterranean association structure: the CEDDEM
  • Creation of an information exchange platform (www.ceddem.org)
  • Development of tools for producers
  • Launching of a shared documentary resources center
  • Uploading of an online database of plants
  • Submission of an application under the ENPI MED programme (iMedherbs).

Model Forest

Coordination of regional policies for the forest with the help of a new territorial governance instrument: the « Model Forest »

Issue (project information, topic):

In a three year time duration different activities were implemented with a main objective-creating a Model forest in Istrian region. Croatian partner, Department for agriculture and forestry mobilised forestry experts from Croatian forest research institute, its regional department settled in Istria to implement main activities of the project on field. With such a cooperation, in the process of creation a Model forest, successfully were involved both territorial units (cities and municipalities) and other expert institution as Croatian forests L. t. d. and several institutions dealing with nature protection in the region.


Main activities obtained were information, communication and capacity building of the potential stakeholders in the chosen territory of the Model forest. Local meetings, workshop facilitated by International Model forest network, mailing list, production of several documents and translation of the tool kit for creation of the Model Forest were essential activities in rising knowledge and awareness in a Model Forest concept and its strategic planning. Activities organised had a most important aim in identifying good potential representatives of the territory which will be able to create a future functioning of the Model Forest according to all good governance principles required. The biggest challenge was how to attain motivated and enthusiastic stakeholders representing various sectors needed to involve in a core board; public, private and civil ones.


After a three years of capacity building several working groups are constituted representing different fields of activities; forestry and renewable energy resources; agriculture, breeding and sustainable development; rural and cultural tourism; non wood forest products; education, information, nature protection. Working groups are comprised of interested and nominated representatives in sector and gender equality and will present a Model Forest governance and transparency and will work on efficiency in strategic activities.

  • Region of Istria, Department of Agriculture, Forestry, Hunting, Fishery and Water Management (Croatia)
  • Office of Agricultural and Rural Development of Corsica – ODARC ( France)
  • Region of Provence-Alpes-Cote ď Azur (France)
  • Region of Murcia (Spain)
  • Region of Sardinia (Italy)
  • Region of Western Macedonia (Greece)
  • Region of Thessaly/ Prefecture of Magnesia (Greece)
  • Region of Castilla y Leon (Spain)

The Region of Istria has participated in the process by gradually creating conditions for the establishment of the Model Forest. Several meetings were organised on the territory of the Model Forest in Istria with a purpose to inform, motivate and gather representatives of the territory.


First partners on this area were administrative territorial units, regional departments and expert institutions. These representatives of the regional and local government are tightly linked to the regional development, natural resources and forest management and they have founded an organisation committee in March 2011 which consisted of 23 members and a president. Such committee is representative of the whole territory of the Model Forest (12 Municipalities and 5 Cities which have signed a Letter of intent on the 16th of June 2011 in Motovun in Istria). The signatories include all above mentioned representatives as well as several expert institutions from the domain research in forestry, forest management, nature protection and hunter associations.


Signers of the Letter of intent have identified some interested stakeholders on their own territories who will represent private and civil sector in future governing bodies of the Model Forest.


This was the biggest challenge in the last year of the project implementation-to involve private and civil stakeholders in the Model Forest governance bodies. They were invited to all the meetings organized in the Model Forest area and were constantly kept informed by the electronic means on the performed activities. Most of them are today nominated to be a part of the core working groups of the Model Forest.


Private enterprises involved in a Model Forest are: beekeepers, mushroom and truffle producers, charcoal producers, breeders, decorative plants cultivators, wine producers, etc. The partnership of the Model Forest includes two mushroom associations, hunters’ associations, speleological associations, beekeepers, a mountaineer association, etc.


During the nomination of working groups in 2012, a strong, motivated and diverse partnership which includes representative of both gender and of all ages has been created.

Results and outputs:
  • Creation of the stakeholders database (e-mail list),
  • Translation and distribution of the Model Forest tool kit,
  • Translation to Croatian and publication of the “Methodological guide”,
  • Creation of the CD with the Strategic Plan for the period 2012-2015, including the constant provision of information regarding the Model Forest processes.


The “Methodological guide” is issued by the name Technical brochure with methodology for creation of the Model Forest. Brochure was first translated to Croatian and than printed in 500 pieces.


Collaborative platform to support research and technology transfer

Issue (project information, topic):

NEXT intends to create a collaborative platform to support innovation and technology transfer in the Countries of the Adriatic area. The project is promoted by 11 partners from six Countries: Italy, Croatia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro and the representatives of different interests and positions of the actors of innovation: Universities, Regional Development Agencies, Chamber of Economy and Local Authorities. The project stems from some considerations:

  • The borders of these Countries, known for years as places of exacerbation of national differences, represent nowadays concrete grounds for overcoming the restrictions and contrasts, and offer new opportunities in the field of research, innovation and technology transfer. The cross-border areas lie at the forefront of the main challenge that will increasingly be posed to the larger Europe: managing diversity and competitiveness while at the same time maintaining cohesion.
  • Innovation and technology transfer, widely re-called in national and EU research programs, are in recent years facing new challenges due to factors such as: the impact of globalization; the emergence of new pervasive products and technologies; the difficulty in finding financial resources for R&I in particular in an atomized and undercapitalized industrial context; the consciousness that innovation takes place in "systems" or open networks, through the interaction of actors which are different in competences, skills, objectives.
  • Marche region (Italy) - Lead partner
  • Puglia region (Italy)
  • Regional council of Shkodra (Albania)
  • Foundation partnership for development (Albania)
  • Regional development agency Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • University of Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • GRAD Sibenik (Croatia)
  • Istrian development agency (Croatia)
  • Chamber of Economy of Montenegro (Montenegro)
  • Regional Economic Development Agency for Šumadija and Pomoravlje (Serbia)

Consistent with the objective of Measure 1.1 Research and Innovation to "encourage innovation and technology transfer through the creation of networks between the business, institutional and academic community", the project aims to create a collaborative platform among Research centers, enterprises and researchers; this platform will work as the "aggregation element" to stimulate and support an innovation path that will enable to increase the competitiveness of the area.

General Objectives: Through the collaborative platform, the NEXT project aims:

  1. To promote, expand and consolidate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the cooperation among Research institutes, enterprises and researchers.
  2. To test mechanisms to support the research and technology transfer system in the area.
  3. To represent a qualified interlocutor with institutional stakeholders in view of an enlarged R&I governance
  4. To embody a competitive partner in research and technology transfer at the area level and internationally


The specific objectives are:

  • To define the map of activities and actors of scientific research in each territory involved;
  • To implement an interactive online platform to facilitate and multiply the exchanges among the actors of innovation;
  • To provide a range of services to support the relationships among the actors involved;
  • To promote investment opportunities in favor of research and technology transfer;
  • To provide guidelines for the development of coordinated policies to support innovation;
  • To give visibility to excellence in the field of research and innovation;
  • To capitalize the experience and the results gained to give continuity to the collaborative platform.


Logo of the project OSDDT-MED

Land‐use planning and sustainable development of territories of the Mediterranean area

Issue (project information, topic):

For a decade Europe has raised the alarm about the need to slow-down and stop the out-and-out construction processes leading to a gradual but inexorable depletion of natural resources in general and the "soil" resource in particular. The OSDDT-Med project aims to increase sensibility of all actors (public and private) to the problem of land consumption and to stimulate awareness on land uses modes and waste in the European Mediterranean area. The objective is to push local authorities acting and contributing to territory planning to adopt forms of governance and urban planning consistent with a policy of sustainable development and of protection of non-renewable natural resources. 

  • Province of Turin (Italy) – Lead partner
  • General Council of Hérault (France)
  • Region of Murcia (Spain)
  • Province of Terni (Italy)
  • Pembroke Local Council (Malta)
  • Hellenic Republic Decentralized Administration of Crete (Greece)
  • To develop a methodology for monitoring and evaluating the use of land, built on approach criteria shared by the European partners of the partnership;
  • To increase the capacity of municipalities effectively managing the various instruments of territorial planning to change their management and to act towards a sustainable development and conservation of natural soil
Results and outputs:

The project has produced:

  • A range of indicators to measure the consumption of land, to be used by most local authorities in the Mediterranean area and to evaluate their territorial planning policies in terms of land use;
  • A range of urban interventions, to be used by local authorities to limit soil consumption;
  • A range of consultation techniques to involve all local stakeholders (citizens, associations and economic actors) and promote urbanization and territorial planning that are concerned with soil preservation.


The project also highlighted the need to increase awareness on the problem of the consumption of soil, its consequences (waterproofing, reduction of biodiversity, climate change) and the opportunity for all actors and elected to act and do better, without waste and by prioritizing reuse, completion and redevelopment, and territorial planning that are less greedy in the field of land.

OSDDTOSDDT soil transformationsOSDDT


Logo of the project PROFORBIOMED

Promotion of residual forestry biomass in the Mediterranean basin

Issue (project information, topic):

PROFORBIOMED promotes renewable energies in rural areas by developing an integrated strategy for the use of forest biomass as a renewable energy source, improving forest management systems, recovering forest biomass potential and developing new opportunities and better governance. It involves all the stakeholders of rural areas and develops clusters and networks that bring together private and public actors, developing pilot projects on 13 issues that strength cooperation among actors.

  • Region of Murcia (Spain) - Lead partner
  • Generalitat Valenciana (Spain)
  • Forest sciences centre of Catalonia - CTFC (Spain)
  • Municipality of Enguera (Spain)
  • Regional development agency of Murcia - INFO (Spain)
  • Regional center of the forest property of PACA - CRPF (France)
  • Institute for environmental protection and research - ISPRA (Italy)
  • Regional ministry of agriculture and forest of Sicily (Italy)
  • Lombard foundation for environment - FLA (international)
  • International association for Mediterranean forests - AIFM (International)
  • Local energy agency Spodnje Podravje (Slovenia)
  • Slovenian forestry institute (Slovenia)
  • Region of Western Macedonia (Greece)
  • University of Western Macedonia (Greece)
  • Municipal enterprise for planning and development of Patras (ADEP – Greece)
  • Business and environmental science research center – University Dom Alfonso III (CICAE – Portugal)
  • Directorate general for forest in Algarve (Portugal)
  • ALGAR (Portugal)

The project is expected to support changes in MED rural areas that bring on strategic long term impacts in the MED area.

These strategic impacts are related to two different aspects. On one side, the project promotes a new management approach in forest areas, proposing a closer cooperation and joint work between the different stakeholders and strengthening the cooperation between private and public actors. On the other side, the project results can create a totally different new dynamic in rural areas, creating new opportunities and relationships leading to the revitalization of MED rural areas based on the promotion of the sustainable energy use of biomass. This means a major structural change in the rural areas, currently declining since forests have not reached the multifunctionality characteristics that European rural policies have set as an objective for sustainable management. The necessary changes these rural areas need to reach the objectives include administrative, technical, social, legal and communication issues.

PROFORBIOMED partners consider that the promotion of energy uses of biomass from MED forests includes all the necessary issues to create positive impacts that boost this change.

  • Economic impacts: The enhance forest activity would be an essential element to obtain rural incomes and permit the existence of an important industrial base. It would create new business opportunities, private investment, new job opportunities and revenues in the area.
  • Social impacts: the implication of all the actors and the development of networks, plans, actions and tools that support the joint activities of the different stakeholders of the forest chain and the coordinated work of public and private sectors means a major change in the rural areas, where the lack of cooperation and the different approaches that private and public actors develop in forest management is considered as a major problem. On the other hand, the creation of economic opportunities would help to set population in rural areas.
Results and outputs:

The most relevant result is the promotion of renewable energies in rural areas by the development of an integrated strategy for the use of forest biomass, helping MED areas to recover the forest biomass potential, to develop the technical and legal aspects and to involve the key stakeholders in a forestry biomass production chain. It will foster the development of rural areas by achieving specific results:

  • Assessment of the forest biomass available for energy production in a social, economic and environmental sustainable way in MED regions.
  • Transfer and adoption of know-how on sustainable forest management including forest biomass production chains and its use as a energy source.
  • Improvement of the rural areas governance, development of clusters and agreements between public and private actors in 10 MED regions and the implementation of polices for the development of renewable energies.
  • Development of a model of public support to sustainable forest management and biomass production.
  • Identification of financing mechanisms for public and private investments.
  • Increase of incomes for forest owners through the biomass production chain reducing risks and improving the conservation status
  • Creation of new economic opportunities.

On the other hand, it guarantees more secure supply of energy with mobilisation of wood biomass from forests and will enable the adoption of the smart grids concept to the renewable energy chains.


Logo of the projet Protect

An integrated European model to protect the MEDiterranean forests from fire

Issue (project information, topic):

The project comes from the necessity to wide spread, through an approach shared at transnational level, an integrated model for the prevention of forest fire with a focus on the protection of the environment and the promotion of a sustainable territorial development.

  • Province of Macerata (Italy) – Lead Partner
  • Provincial Government of Malaga (Spain)
  • Region of Peloponnese (Greece)
  • National Forest Authority Algarve (Portugal)
  • Department of Forests (Cyprus)
  • University of Camerino (Italy)
  • University of Algarve (Portugal)
  • Aix-Marseille University (France)
  • Region of Istria Department of Sustainable Development (Croatia)

The general objective of the project is to develop a sustainable and equilibrate territorial development even through the prevention of forest fire.  Furthermore, the project aims to:

  • Develop shared methods and techniques to map, evaluate and monitor hazards.
  • Develop an efficient and eco-compatible model for forest maintenance and valorisation of the biomasses coming from such forests.
  • Carry out training and communication activities in order to develop a responsible behaviour of citizens and tourists in the areas under risk.
Results and outputs:

Through the built up of an Integrated Model to PROTECT MEDiterranean forest from fire, it is expected an effective reduction of outburst and deployment of forest fires through the improvement of the prevention measures efficiency. In particular, the project contributed to the achievement of the following results:

  • To develop an European paradigm of prevention and instruments in order to assess and monitor an efficiently map of risks.
  • To elaborate a shared Action Plan to increase the awareness of the necessity for a strategic and operational management, as well as for training activities. This consciousness mood is directed to raise a common European culture to prevent negative human action and to give a behavioural guideline to people in risk areas/situations.
  • To diffuse and share prevention plans with other territorial organizations, with the due adaptation.
  • To introduce and promote a sustainable economic and environmental forest maintenance model to reduce, but above all to prevent, the outburst and deployment of forest fire through appropriate forest cleaning and reuse biomass.
  • To refine interchange among civil protection experts by means of a network consisting of several actors situated in areas prone to forest fire risks.
PROTECT forest fire


Logo of the project QualiGouv

Improving governance and quality of the forest management in Mediterranean protected areas

Issue (project information, topic):

Although Mediterranean forest areas generate a small commercial production, they provide many amenities to the society. They are subject to old and new uses (production, conservation of biodiversity, soil, water, carbon sequestration, recreation) that correspond to the needs of society and involve an increasing diversity of stakeholders. This sometimes leads to situations of conflict and misunderstanding, particularly in the Mediterranean region, the scene of suburban and tourist activities in which the pressures and challenges are increased. Moreover, one characteristic of the Mediterranean forests and woodlands is that their management concerns a wide variety of actors: managers, operators and manufacturers, owners, policy makers, scientists, users and representatives of civil society. Through a participatory approach, it is necessary to inform and involve more and more these groups to contribute to a truly multi-functional and sustainable management of these ecosystems. The QUALIGOUV project has been developed from this idea.

Depending on local context and priorities, the pilot activities undertaken by each partner on natural protected areas will focus on:

  • wildfire prevention,
  • welcoming the general public,
  • forestry planning,
  • management of biodiversity,
  • development of new market opportunities such as wood-energy.

The method is based on the principle of a permanent and continuous sharing among the stakeholders of the pilot projects who practice them in the sight of all the partners (“communicoopération”).

The coordination, the animation and the capitalization will be set up through 3 methodological components:

  • Establishment of a group of experts (peer group) composed of independent and competent persons responsible for the analysis of the pilot projects,
  • AIFM’s intervention as an independent partner out of local projects to guide and drive the peer group’s reflection,
  • Realisation of a qualitative assessment by an independent auditor at mid-term of the implementation of the project.
  • Region of Murcia (Spain) -– Lead partner
  • Generalitat Valenciana (Spain)
  • Regional Park of Alpilles (France)
  • Regional Park of Luberon (France)
  • National Forestry Office - ONF (France)
  • WWF Mediterranean Programme (Italy)
  • Province of Taranto (Italy)
  • International Association for Mediterreannean Forests - AIFM (International)

To test and share good practices relating to:

  • the governance of forested areas based on the institutional, technical and financial involvement of stakeholders and other concerned parties,
  • the quality of silvicultural methods and land management which are grounded on monitoring, follow-up and assessment,
  • a concerted interaction between urban populations (users) and people living in the countryside (natural area owners),
  • communication and awareness raising of the general public about the value of these natural areas and the issues tackled through in their integrated management.
Results and outputs:

More specifically, partners’ local projects deal with:

  • The improvement of the acceptability of forestry works (from environmental, landscape and social points of view): Park of Alpilles.
  • The study on wood-energy and timber potential resources, 4 pilot sites and old-trees patches on Mont Ventoux: French National Forestry Office.
  • The development of integrated management incorporating ecosystem conservation and valorisation of timber resource: Park of Luberon.
  • The development of participatory forest management plans in the regional Park of Terra delle Gravine: Province of Taranto.
  • The development of the « High Conservation Value Forest » concept in protected areas: WWF.
  • The implementation of participatory plans for forest management in the regional Park of Sierra Espuña: Region of Murcia.
  • The implementation of fire prevention plans integrating social demands and environmental requirements in the regional Parks: Generalitat Valenciana.

Shared conclusions as well as guidelines and recommendations have been identified to improve governance in Mediterranean forests:

  • Evaluate past and current practices to ensure the success of economic and social achievements;
  • Develop regional approaches adapted to local conditions (ecological, economic and social), as well as to institutional features and stakeholders;
  • Involve from the beginning the largest number of stakeholders, including institutions and local authorities;
  • Strengthening interregional cooperation: beyond the diversity of local situations, there are many common problems. Sharing experiences is very successful for field managers;
  • Develop a "common toolbox" to face these problems in order to improve sustainable management and governance.


Logo of the project Rurubal

Pilot Actions and Good Practices: Territorial governance in the short-chain food

Issue (project information, topic):

Rururbal is a European cross-border co-operation project, developed within the framework of the MED Program, which intends to design a governance strategy for the sustainable and balanced local development of peri-urban territories, by valuing, marketing and promoting the consumption of local agricultural resources.

  • Local Council of Vallès Oriental (Spain) - Lead partner
  • Barcelona Provincial Council - Natural spaces department (Spain)
  • Catalan Regional Government, Dept. of Agriculture, Alimentation and Rural action (Spain)
  • Aix Metropolitan Community (France)
  • Urban c ommunityof the Pays Voironnais (France)
  • Province of Turin (Italy)
  • Provincial Administration of Siena (Italy)
  • Aristototeles University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
  • Agriculture Development Association of the Grenoble Region (France)

The pursued goals were:


Strategic goals:

  • Promote the relationship between big cities and peri-urban rural areas, especially agriculture areas.
  • Value peri-urban rural territories.

Economic aims:

  • Reinforce the competitiveness of agricultural farms and local distribution networks.
  • Develop equitable commercial networks by promoting direct sales.
  • Promote the transformation and consumption of quality products.

Environment goals:

  • Promote sustainable landscape management within the Mediterranean area.
  • Ensure the perpetuity of peri-urban farms and landscapes.

Social aims

  • Promote responsible and fairtrade consumption.
  • Give value to the role of women in the agro-food chain.
  • Enhance co-decision and co-operation mechanisms between public and private entities and between different levels of administration.
Results and outputs:
  • Assessment of the peri-urban agricultural land available for food production, local distribution and consumption in different European metropolitan regions.
  • Promotion of the relationship between big cities and peri-urban rural areas, especially agriculture areas.
  • Transfer and adoption of know-how on sustainable agriculture land management including its commercial chains.
  • Improvement agriculture clusters between public and private actors in seven Med regions to promote good practices agricultural and commercial.
  • Organization and participation in local actions to promote commercialization and consumption of local agricultural products.
  • Organization of cooking courses with local products in schools.
  • Identification of guidelines, publication of best practices and recommendations to improve governance in Mediterranean peri-urban agricultural land.
  • Signature of the European Charter of Territorial and Nutritional Governance by nine institutions from seven different countries.




Logo of the project SUSTEN

Sustainable Tourism Entrepreneurship Mechanism: Approaching Territorial Sustainability through Developing Tourism and Culture based Entrepreneurship

Issue (project information, topic):

The purpose of the project is to stress the importance of a sustainable natural and cultural resources management, taking as the cornerstone the sustainable regional socio-economic development and specifying on sustainable tourism businesses. This project invites us to think about the creation of an integrated framework to effectively support and promote territorial level sustainable tourism initiatives and involving qualified tourism enterprises and local actors. It aims to develop and practice a coherent mechanism for rational planning and implementation of territorial initiatives for developing sustainable tourism businesses, for improving the corresponding products quality, competitiveness and marketability and for substantially contributing to sustainable regional socio-economic development and to preservation of natural and cultural assets. It emphasizes the collaboration and leading role of local actors of all related categories and to transnational networking and joint action.


The concept stands on the fact that, as shown by international practice, territorial scale sustainable development interventions:

  • constitute parameters of vital importance for implementing socio-economic national and EU policies;
  • presuppose strategies, policies and measures;
  • can use sustainable tourism as a sound basis upon which economic development could be built, whilst effective strategies for sustainable natural and cultural resources’ management could be deployed.


The SUSTEN project addresses the corresponding needs through:

  • focusing on sustainable tourism and its various forms, as well as on the improvement of competitiveness at products’ and territories’ levels;
  • designing and establishing an integrated framework to effectively support and promote territorial level sustainable tourism initiatives and involving qualified tourism enterprises and local actors of all related categories;
  • acting both locally and internationally for achieving significant added value from the knowledge and know–how point of view, as well as for achieving wide promotion of the territories and their assets targeted.






  • Laboratory of Research and Tourism Satellite Accounts, University of Patras – LARETSA (Greece) – Lead partner
  • Business and Innovation Centre of Attika – BIC of Attika (Greece)
  • Region of Attica (Greece)
  • Foundation University-Enterprise of the Balearic Islands – FUEIB (Spain)
  • Town Council of Palma of Majorca (Spain)
  • Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Primorska (Slovenia)
  • Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Lyon – CCIL (France)
  • IRECOOP Veneto (Italy)
  • Regional Province of Ragusa (Italy)
  • Regional Province of Venezia (Italy)

SUSTEN main objective is to contribute to integrated and sustainable management of natural and cultural resources, stressing on designing and practicing of an integrated framework that will provide a synthetic, systemic and systematic approach of rational planning and implementation of strategies, policies and measures for effectively managing natural and cultural resources and for serving sustainable socio–economic development at the local/regional level. In this context the followings rank among SUSTEN specific goals:

  • establishment of well designed territorial initiatives and elaboration of territorial development strategies based on sustainable tourism and, consequently, integrating by definition the Environmental Sustainability concept;
  • creating the capacity for common transnational action and cooperation among regions with complementary sustainable tourism products;
  • building the capacity of the territorial level actors (including tourism enterprises) towards effective planning and implementation of sustainable tourism actions at both the territorial and the enterprise level;
  • promoting quality in sustainable tourism, through developing relative Standards and a Certification System and through providing a corresponding Model Management Mechanism;
  • formulation of concrete propositions on harmonisation of the relevant regulatory and operational framework in the MED space.
Results and outputs:
  • elaboration of an integrated model for Organizing and Operating Sustainable Tourism Enterprises, specific for and responding to the needs of different categories of tourism and tourism-related activity;
  • development of a Sustainable Tourism Enterprise Standard and a corresponding Experimental Certification System;
  • adoption of a “sustainable entrepreneurship” concepts and Corporate Social Responsibility principles and practices;
  • establishing  integrated initiatives aimed to sustainable socio-economic development and preservation of natural and cultural resources;
  • development of transterritorial/transnational cooperation in the frame of viable Networks, providing extensive know–how and expertise, as well as potential for effective joint business/marketing action at international level;
  • improvement of competitiveness, marketability and development prospects of local tourism enterprises and products by improving the quality of their management and their products, and compliance with respective international standards, as well as with the “Sustainable Tourism Standardization System”.



Logo of the project Sylvamed

Mediterranean Forests for All

Issue (project information, topic):

Mediterranean forest ecosystems provide multiple goods and services, and are key to the socio-economic development of rural zones and to the well-being of urban populations. Many of these forest collective goods are crucial to environmental sustainability but currently unrecognized. Quantification of their value and field experiments will allow for their policy uptake.


SylvaMED (2010-2013) aims to facilitate innovative integration of forest environmental services into regional policies. It is intended to demonstrate that PES (payment for environmental services) and MBI (Market-Based Instrument) systems are feasible and sustainable both environmentally and economically in our Mediterranean rural communities, providing for both long-term conservation of natural resources and additional income for local populations.

  • Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia CTFC – (Spain) - Lead partner
  • Slovenia Forest Service (Slovenia)
  • European Forest Institute Mediterranean Regional Office – EFIMED (Spain)
  • Regional Forest Ownership Center of PACA region (France)
  • Regional Centre for Private Forestry of Languedoc Roussillon (France)
  • Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania - CIHEAM-MAICh (Greece)
  • Environmental Department of Liguria Region (Italy)
  • Forest Ownership Center of Catalonia (Spain)
  • Engage regional administrations into improving environmental sustainability through better forest management: private-public round-tables, regional field benchmarking, economic and legal frameworks.
  • Offer and urge more structured public initiatives for the payment of forest environmental services through PES and MBI mechanisms: pilot experiments as regional showcases (watershed protection and quality improvement, regulation of public access to vulnerable forested areas, marketing of non-valorized non-timber products), policy harmonization and improvement at all administrative levels.
  • Address and fill the communication gap towards policy makers and the general public on the collective benefits of non-marketed forest functions: horizontal and vertical dissemination, awareness raising campaigns.

Expected impacts were: higher willingness to pay from society for ecosystems services and higher political conscience and will to implement adapted mixes of PES and MBIs in our forested areas.


Results and outputs:

The main results of the project are the following and are available at the project website:


  • State of the art: innovative tools for public administrations: Working reports on the water, social uses, and non-wood forest products and services, including the normative and legal frameworks and total economic value of forest areas.
  • From theory to practice: network of local implementations: Setting-up of a network of experimental and promotional sites, local tests of conservatory and compensatory measures, validation of existing PES models and suggestions - adaptations and improvements suited to local contexts, animation, pilot actions on PES, field actions to raise awareness and disseminate transferability and practicability of the models and technical dissemination seminars.
  • Innovation and evolution of public policies: Public-private round-tables, situation analysis of the forest stakeholders ahead of tomorrow’s challenges, propositions of compensatory measures and systems and new proposals to integrate legal and normative frameworks in the results of the project.
  • Communication and dissemination: Communication plan, awareness raising actions for the duration of the project, distribution of information packs and leaflets, dissemination actions and conferences.
  • Production of Green Book on forest environmental services in the Mediterranean: Reference to policy options for the implementation of PES / MBI mechanisms linked to the Mediterranean forests, and presentation of pilot activities implemented during the project.


With the support of the Foresters Association from the Mediterranean (ArcMED)


Logo of the project WOODe3

Wood Energy Exploitation for Entrepreneurship

Issue (project information, topic):

Global climate change, concern for energy security and high oil prices have sparked a keen interest in wood energy. The evaluation report of the challenges facing the EU regions, in 2020, shows that South and South-East regions seem highly vulnerable from an energy point of view. FAO has highlighted the lack of recognition of this potential, currently underestimated in the Mediterranean, and the need to create a planning tool that allows harmonizing and integrating data on wood energy, mobilization and other socio-economic and environmental information.


It is in this context that is registered WOODE3. The project was to develop, on the Mediterranean area, a support tool for planning the use of wood energy and strengthen the analytical capacity of decision makers and economic actors.

  • Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Drôme (France) – Lead partner
  • Region of Epirus (Prefecture of Ioannina at project start) (Greece)
  • Region of Piemont (Italy)
  • Municipality of Entracque (Italy)
  • Chamber of Agriculture and Forestry of Slovenia (Slovenia)
  • Forest Sciences Center of Catalonia - CTFC (Spain)
  • Aragonese Company of Agro Environmental Management - SARGA (SODEMASA at project start) (Spain)

The project made possible:

  • To create synergies between actors in forestry and wood energy at local level,
  • To gather reliable and relevant data to provide an overview of the sector and consistent prospective analyses,
  • To develop a shared mode of organization: pooling data Med and territorial specificities share indicators, strengths and weaknesses and develop a database of online resources,
  • To provide a tool for evaluating impacts to help local (economic or political) actors to make decisions when planning or evaluating a proposed wood energy plant.
  • To formulate policy recommendations for sustainable development of the wood energy sector which includes criteria and indicators identified.
Results and outputs:

The main results of the project are available at the project website:


-      Territorial online database: The tool developed for WOODE3 project aims to gather information related to the harvesting and for the use of forest biomass in areas of the Mediterranean Basin in Europe. They include: The WOODE3 data base that provides information for actors in the forestry sector or industry using wood, applicable law, the industry players in the region, projects and facilities, and an interesting bibliography.


-      Impact Assessment Tool: This is an analysis tool that aims to help policy makers in evaluating to assess the quality of supply projects using biomass for energy purposes, including aspects related to the environment, society and the economy. The tool is organized around the four pillars of sustainable development: economic, social, environmental and governance. The user must answer a series of questions used to assess these four pillars. The result can be compared with other projects so that the assessor can observe the strengths and weaknesses of different projects in a simple and objective way.


-      Carbon Foot Print: The tool for calculating the carbon footprint saves, while being guided, all CO2 emissions from harvesting, processing and use of woody biomass from forests. The tool covers different processes, from logging to the arrival in the factory, calculating CO2 emissions for each process from data entered by the user, in particular the methods and machinery used.


-      Handbook on policy recommendations: The purpose of this document is to formulate responses, based on concrete examples, the most widespread on the strategic development of the wood energy sector policy issues. It helps to inform policy makers involved at all levels, from local to regional, on the findings of the WOODE3 project conclusions, and provide a tool to encourage a policy of sustainable development of wood energy.


-      Follow -up Plan: This document explains; the capitalization of project results and how they may be appropriate for stakeholders to contribute to the improvement of wood energy in the Mediterranean, in particular to meet the challenges arise in regions of the EU in 2020.


The exchange of best practices and the capitalization of expertise led to the experimentation of innovative and transferable solutions. The creation of the decision support tool will facilitate a sustainable development of wood energy sector. The continuous updating of the online platform and integration of actions are designed to ensure the sustainability WOODE3. 

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